January 14, 2021

34 (Tied) | Pennsylvania

Score: 25/100
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  • Airspace Lease Law: 0/30
  • Law Vesting Air Rights with Landowners: 10/10
  • Avigation Easement Law: 0/25
  • Drone Task Force or Program Office: 10/20
  • Drone Jobs Estimate: 5/15

Factors Helping the State Score

  • Law Vesting Air Rights with Landowners: Pennsylvania law expressly provides air rights to landowners, which reduces litigation risk for drone operators because landowners know the extent of their property rights.
  • Drone Task Force or Program Office: Pennsylvania created a joint state government commission to report on UAS in the state in 2017. This commission consisted of 14 members of the Pennsylvania state legislature.
  • Drone Jobs Estimate: Pennsylvania has 10.3 drone-related jobs per 100,000 people, ranking it in the top half of states.

Factors Hindering the State Score

  • Airspace Lease Law: Pennsylvania law does not allow public authorities to lease low-altitude airspace above public roads and public property. Such a law would allow state or local authorities to create drone highways above roadways.
  • Avigation Easement Law: Pennsylvania law does not create an avigation easement, which means drone operators may be subject to nuisance and trespass laws, even if their drones do not disturb people on the ground.

These factors make Pennsylvania tied for the 34th most drone-friendly state in the country.