October 9, 2018

#13 | Ranking the States by Fiscal Condition: Virginia

Contact us
To speak with a scholar or learn more on this topic, visit our contact page.


On the basis of its solvency in five separate categories, Virginia ranks 13th among the US states for fiscal health. Virginia has between 1.55 and 2.31 times the cash needed to cover short-term obligations. Revenues exceed expenses by 2 percent, with an improving net position of $92 per capita. In the long run, Virginia has a net asset ratio of –0.06. Long-term liabilities are lower than the national average, at 33 percent of total assets, or $1,714 per capita. Total unfunded pension liabilities that are guaranteed to be paid are $127.59 billion, or 28 percent of state personal income. OPEB are $5.43 billion, or 1 percent of state personal income.Share this

Key Terms

  • Cash solvency measures whether a state has enough cash to cover its short-term bills, which include accounts payable, vouchers, warrants, and short-term debt. (Virginia ranks 28th.)
  • Budget solvency measures whether a state can cover its fiscal year spending using current revenues. Did it run a shortfall during the year? (Virginia ranks 29th.)
  • Long-run solvency measures whether a state has a hedge against large long-term liabilities. Are enough assets available to cushion the state from potential shocks or long-term fiscal risks? (Virginia ranks 18th.)
  • Service-level solvency measures how high taxes, revenues, and spending are when compared to state personal income. Do states have enough “fiscal slack”? If spending commitments demand more revenues, are states in a good position to increase taxes without harming the economy? Is spending high or low relative to the tax base? (Virginia ranks 4th.)
  • Trust fund solvency measures how much debt a state has. How large are unfunded pension liabilities and OPEB liabilities compared to the state personal income? (Virginia ranks 10th.)

For a complete explanation of the methodology used to calculate Virginia's fiscal health rankings, download the full paper and the dataset at mercatus.org/statefiscalrankings.

To read all our work on Virginia, go to mercatus.org/states/virginia.