Today, subsistence farming is the lot of millions of Africans. Mired in poverty, these millions of farmers and their families are victims of food insecurity and tenure insecurity. They need access to improved technologies in order to increase crop yields, meet their food needs and, hopefully, sell to local, regional, and even international markets. They have very limited cash income and, as a result, they have traditionally been overlooked by corporations that believe they have little to offer to these poor people.
In this law review, Enterprise Africa lead researcher Karol Boudreaux and George Mason law student Adam Aft highlight the problem of decreasing productivity among subsistence farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. They argue that in order to close this productivity gap, farmers need access to better quality agricultural inputs, stronger intellectual property rights regimes, and a legal framework that improves both land tenure security for smallholder farmers and access to regional markets.
Aft, Adam and Karol Boudreaux. "Fighting the Food Crisis: Feeding Africa One Family at Time." Environs Environmental Law and Policy Journal, Vol. 21, Issue 1, 2008.