October 9, 2018

#23 | Ranking the States by Fiscal Condition: Ohio

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On the basis of its solvency in five separate categories, Ohio ranks 23rd among the US states for fiscal health. Ohio has between 3.43 and 4.20 times the cash needed to cover short-term obligations, well above the US average. Revenues match expenses, with an improving net position of $63 per capita. In the long run, Ohio has a net asset ratio of 0.07. Long-term liabilities are lower than the national average, at 51 percent of total assets, or $3,243 per capita. Total unfunded pension liabilities that are guaranteed to be paid are $388.98 billion, or 75 percent of state personal income. OPEB are $15.14 billion, or 3 percent of state personal income.

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Key Terms

  • Cash solvency measures whether a state has enough cash to cover its short-term bills, which include accounts payable, vouchers, warrants, and short-term debt. (Ohio ranks 9th.)
  • Budget solvency measures whether a state can cover its fiscal year spending using current revenues. Did it run a shortfall during the year? (Ohio ranks 33rd.)
  • Long-run solvency measures whether a state has a hedge against large long-term liabilities. Are enough assets available to cushion the state from potential shocks or long-term fiscal risks? (Ohio ranks 32nd.)
  • Service-level solvency measures how high taxes, revenues, and spending are when compared to state personal income. Do states have enough “fiscal slack”? If spending commitments demand more revenues, are states in a good position to increase taxes without harming the economy? Is spending high or low relative to the tax base? (Ohio ranks 25th.)
  • Trust fund solvency measures how much debt a state has. How large are unfunded pension liabilities and OPEB liabilities compared to the state personal income? (Ohio ranks 48th.)

For a complete explanation of the methodology used to calculate Ohio's fiscal health rankings, download the full paper and the dataset at mercatus.org/statefiscalrankings.

To read all our work on Ohio, go to mercatus.org/states/ohio.