• Senior Fellow, F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Senior Research Fellow

Arielle John is senior fellow with the F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics and senior research fellow at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. She received both an MA and PhD in economics from George Mason University, and was a Mercatus Center PhD fellow. Prior to her role at Mercatus, Arielle was an assistant professor of economics at Beloit College. Her primary research interest is entrepreneurship culture in the Caribbean. Most recently, Arielle worked as the advisor to the Minister of Public Administration and Communications in Trinidad and Tobago. She continues to provide formal regulatory advice and support to the Regulated Industries Commission and the Fair Trade Commission in Trinidad and Tobago.

Publications & Appearances

Ethnicity and Self-Employment in Trinidad and Tobago

In Trinidad and Tobago, the Chinese, Syrian-Lebanese and White ethnic groups have the highest levels of self-employment, while Indians have emerged as the new business class. However, relatively few black Trinidadians are self-employed. Using survey data, this study examines whether these apparent differences in self-employment rates can be explained by differences in attributes, or must be explained by other factors like ethnic inclination/disinclination due to historical/sociological factors.

Which Institutions Matter?

Ha-Joon Chang (2011), in his article ‘Institutions and Economic Development: Theory, Policy and History’, argues that economists place too much faith in ‘liberalized’ institutions. Institutions matter for growth, he contends, but not the way institutional economists think they do. In this article, we offer a defense of the hypothesis that ‘institutions matter’ for economic growth and present several objections to Chang's arguments.

The Sociability and Morality of Market Settlements

Since at least Max Weber, social scientists have looked closely at the nexus between markets and cities. The difference between a city and other settlements, then, is the existence of a market rather than the size of the population, or the type of dwellings, or the nature of the social activities that occur, or any other criteria that we might use. Although Weber's centrally located marketplaces have long since been replaced by malls and shopping plazas and high-rise business districts and swanky shopping streets, market activity is still at the centre of city life.